This Commons Library briefing on the structure of the NHS in England provides an overview of the funding and accountability relationships in the English NHS. It offers an introduction to the roles of key organisations, including:
- NHS England and Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs), which commission NHS services;
- NHS Improvement, which since April 2016 has brought together Monitor and the NHS Trust Development Authority;
- The Care Quality Commission (CQC), which regulates the safety of services; and
- Health Education England (HEE), which leads workforce planning, education and training.